The structure of the political system in Azerbaijan was redefined by way of adoption of new Constitution on 12 November 1995. According to Article 23 of the Constitution, the state symbols of the Republic of Azerbaijan are the State Flag, the State Emblem and the State Anthem.
The Government of Azerbaijan is based on the principle of separation of powers: legislative power, executive power and judicial power. Legislative power is exercised by the unicameral National Assembly (Milli Mejlis). Given the particular status of autonomy of Nakhchivan, powers, similar to those of the Milli Mejlis, are attributed to the Ali Mejlis of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. The executive power is vested in the President, who is elected for a seven-year term by way of direct election. The judicial power is exercised by the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court and the courts of appeal, general courts and other specialised courts of the Republic of Azerbaijan.